Sapphire is a precious gemstone that is a variety of the mineral corundum (aluminum oxide). It is one of the four recognized precious stones, along with diamonds, emeralds, and rubies. Sapphire is typically blue in color, although it can also be found in other colors such as pink, yellow, green, and purple, depending on the presence of different impurities.
Sapphire is a very hard mineral, with a rating of 9 on the Mohs scale, making it one of the most durable gemstones available. Sapphires are often used in jewelry such as rings, earrings, and necklaces, and are also used in high-end watches due to their durability and beauty.
Sapphires have been associated with many symbolic meanings throughout history, such as wisdom, truth, and faithfulness. In ancient times, they were believed to protect the wearer from harm and were often worn by royalty and the wealthy.
Overall, sapphires are highly valued and sought-after gemstones for their beauty, durability, and symbolism.